tall oregon grape

Oregon Grape spreads by suckers to form colonies. Tall Oregon grape berries are much more prolific and grow on stems that are easy to remove. If your Oregon grape is a ground cover, prune it only if it grows too tall. The genus Mahonia has now been included in the genus Berberis, hence the accepted name for Oregon Grape is Berberis aquifolium. Nervosa refers to the fan-like veins in its leaves. Mature width: 4′ to 12′. Mahonias easily hybridize; intermediate forms often appear. Upright evergreen shrub that grows up to 10′ tall. [22], Oregon-grape is the state flower of Oregon.[23]. Some authors submerge Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Use by wildlife: Birds eat the berries of Oregon Grape. The stiff, evergreen leaves of the Tall Oregon Grape look somewhat like holly leaves, with sharp prickly scalloped edges. It is resistant to summer drought, tolerates poor soils, and does not create excessive leaf litter. Old or disfigured stems can be pruned all the way to the ground. Some consider it a variety of Tall Oregon Grape. Oregon Grape is an open branching evergreen shrub with a spreading to upright habitat that typically grows 3-10’ feet tall and 2-5’ feet wide. W. North America. Remove these suckers as they appear if you do not want this plant to naturalize. Adapted to dry, open, more rocky hatitats, the Tall Oregon grape has fewer leaflets (5-9) than its cousin, Low Oregon Grape (9-19). It is often found along roadsides; in fact it is a preferred native for new plantings along major highways. Growth: Tall Oregon Grape grows to about 6-8 feet (2-2.5m) tall and spreads by underground stems to about 5 feet (1.5m) wide. Systematic Botany 14:565-579. [5], Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[14], The small purplish-black fruits, which are quite tart and contain large seeds, are included in small quantities in the traditional diets of Pacific Northwest indigenous peoples, mixed with salal or another sweeter fruit. Horticulturists have consistently continued to use the genus Mahonia to refer to those species with compound leaves that give them a very different appearance from barberries. USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System. The leathery leaves resemble those of holly and the stems and twigs have a thickened, corky appearance. Classification. Among these are tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium); Cascade, low, dull, or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa); and creeping Oregon grape (M. repens). Find the perfect tall oregongrape stock photo. Mahonia aquifolium is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Loconte, H., & J. R. Estes. Fruits ripen September-October. Some Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon grape for indigestion. Tall Oregon Grape (TOG) Mahonia aquifolium. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. It is an evergreen shrub growing 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft)[4] tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. Bright yellow flower clusters grow in the middle of the plant. [citation needed] Some authors avoid this confusion by using "Oregon grape-holly" or "Oregon holly-grape" as a vernacular name for any species of Mahonia. oregon-grape, barberry BEPI2: Berberis piperiana (Abrams) McMinn: MAPI3: Mahonia piperiana Abrams: ODAQ: Odostemon aquifolium (Pursh) Rydb. It is recognized for its subtly fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in April, and turn into edible blue-black berries in late summer. It is sometimes called Oregon grape-holly, although it’s not a grape or a holly! The Tall Oregon Grape has only 5–9 leaflets. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. The form of this plant can be either compact and dense in full sun, or more open in the shade. Oregon Grape is Oregon’s state flower. Photo about Tall Oregon grape - Mahonia aquifolium. Growth: Tall Oregon Grape grows to about 6-8 feet (2-2.5m) tall and spreads by underground stems to about 5 feet (1.5m) wide. Growing to a max height of 6′ tall and 5′ wide, Oregon grape will slowly spread by rhizome. Mahonia aquifolium. Oregon grape will be 3 to 10 feet tall and 2 to 5 feet wide. Plant orders made after that date will be shipped starting March 15, 2021. Seasonal natural scene. The leathery leaves resemble holly and the stems and twigs have a thickened, corky appearance. Its bronzy foliage, bright yellow, lightly scented flowers and bold texture can make an attractive addition to any landscape, but because of its prickly nature it should not be planted along walkways, where people may inadvertently brush up against it. Names: Oregon Grapes have leaflets with sharp spines along their margin. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau, "Berberis aquifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) It is the state flower of Oregon. MAHONIA AQUAFOLIUM, Tall Oregon Grape 1 gallon. Mature height: 3′ to 15′. Price: $12.00 MAHONIA AQUAFOLIUM, Tall Oregon Grape 10 cu in . The leaves are generally arranged in a circular fashion around a central stem, and may take on a reddish color in the winter. The dark green holly-like leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets. The leaflets of Oregon Grape somewhat resemble the leaves of English Holly, Ilex aquifolium. Today, they are sometimes used to make jelly, alone or mixed with salal. Grows to 6 feet but can get taller with ample water. Tall Oregon grape is a shrub that is normally situated in drier, more open areas than low Oregon grape. Or, if you want a similar looking shrub that is more of a groundcover, choose the creeping mahonia ( Mahonia repens) . Tall Oregon Grape    The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae. Its range stretches across eastern Washington to the Idaho panhandle and Western Montana. [2] The holly-like leaves make it an excellent barrier hedge. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [20] As the leaves of Oregon grape are holly-like and resist wilting, the foliage is sometimes used by florists for greenery and a small gathering industry has been established in the Pacific Northwest. Mahonia nervosa, commonly known as dwarf Oregon-grape, Cascade barberry, Cascade Oregon-grape, or dull Oregon-grape, is a flowering plant native to the northwest coast of North America from southern British Columbia south to central California, with an isolated population inland in northern Idaho. The foliage provides cover for many species and browse for deer. Cuttings should be taken in late fall and treated with hormone. The juice has a lot of natural pectin and is great made into jelly or wine, by itself or in combination with other berries such as Salal. Phenology:  Bloom Period:  April-May. Tolerates acidic soils. Seasonal natural scene. [5], The specific epithet aquifolium denotes "sharp-leafed" (as in Ilex aquifolium, the common holly), referring to the spiny foliage.[6]. Bright, fragrant yellow clusters of small flowers appear from March to June. It is valued for its striking foliage and flowers, which often appear before those of other shrubs. Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997. The plant is not related to grapes, but gets the name from the purple clusters of berries. Mahonia aquifolium is also known as Berberis aquifolium. The flowers, borne in dense clusters in late spring, are yellow, and are followed by spherical dark dusty blue berries, which give rise to the common name "Oregon grape".[7]. When and How to Harvest: Deep blue berries are usually ripe from July to September. The leaves are generally shinier that those of Low or Creeping Oregon Grape. Oregon Grape (Mahonia spp.) Having long been valued as an ornamental shrub, it may have been introduced to some of those other areas. Oregon Grape, Tall (Mahonia aquifolium) potted plant, organic. Yellow flowers are borne in erect terminal clusters. Mahonia aquifolium is not closely related to either the true holly (Ilex aquifolium) or the true grape (Vitis vinifera cv.). New Herbal Jedi Video "Join me (Yarrow Willard) in connecting with Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium). Its berries attract birds. Upright evergreen shrub that grows up to 10′ tall. It is in the barberry family and has spiny leaves similar to hollies. This species is referred to as Tall Oregon Grape only to distinguish it from Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa. Oregon grape ( Mahonia aquifolium) is a flowering herb that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to treat numerous conditions, including … Tall Oregon grape is an evergreen shrub related to the barberry. It is also occasionally printed as "Oregongrape". Find the perfect tall oregon grape stock photo. Widely used medicinally, the edible Oregon grape berries can also be made into jams and other recipes. [12][13], Mahonia aquifolium is a popular subject in shady or woodland plantings. This evergreen shrub grows along the Pacific NW coast from BC to northern Canada and stays beautiful all year round. The upright clusters of fragrant yellow flowers appear from March to June, emerging from the center of the plant. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Source: Oregon grape a low-maintenance plan that requires little pruning by Molly Hackett, Ravalli Republic, February 18, 2014 Oregon Grape is Oregon’s state flower. Tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium): A handsome, multitalented evergreen shrub with an upright growth habit. [18] The berries can also be eaten raw after the season's first frosts.[19]. Some cultivated varieties have been developed. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. Cold weather in the winter often causes leaves to turn purplish or bronze. However, in commercial horticulture these plants are still known as Mahonia. The inner bark of the larger stems and roots of Oregon grape yields a yellow dye; the berries give purple dye. 5-9 feet tall by 3-6 feet wide. It is often found along roadsides; in fact it is a preferred native for new plantings along major highways. Bare Root 12"/18" - Mahonia aquifoliumHabit: this large Mahonia grows upright with irregular spreading branches. 1989. Evergreen holly-like plant for sun or part shade. Propagation:  Seeds should be stratified for 90 days at 40º*F. (4ºC) or planted outside as soon as they are ripe– seeds should not be allowed to dry out. 1997. Phylogenetic systematics of Berberidaceae and Ranunculales (Magnoliidae). The dark green holly-like leaves are divided into 5-9 leaflets. The common name is often, and always in the United Kingdom, left unhyphenated as "Oregon grape", though doing so invites confusion with the true grapes. Oregon grape is definitely a low maintenance plant. Other common names include Oregon Grape-Holly, Holly-leaved Barberry, Holly-leaved Oregon Grape, Oregon Hollygrape and Mountain Grape. Tall Oregon Grape has 5-9 shiny leaflets per leaf. In the Landscape: Tall Oregon Grape has long been recognized as an outstanding landscaping choice. It is the tallest of the native species, sometimes reaching up to ten feet, though more often in garden settings staying four-to-five feet tall; upright, sometimes slightly arching branches covered with the prickliest of leaves – a good candidate for a hedgerow or back of a garden bed. In fact, the species gets its name from the name for English Holly, Ilex aquifolium. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. It is a good as a groundcover that grows only 1 to 2 ft. (30-60cm) tall, spreading by underground rhizomes; in full sun or partial shade. Diagnostic Characters: All Mahonias have compound leaves. Creeping Oregon Grape, Mahonia repens, is chiefly an east of the Cascades species. Light conditions: full sun to full shade. Image of aquifolium, floral, flower - 148007448 The edible berries are blue and grow in elongated clusters. Tall Oregon Grape is an attractive ornamental as well as a valuable restoration plant, forming thickets and stabilizing soil with its rhizomatous root structure. Distribution: Tall Oregon Grape is native along the Pacific Coast from southern British Columbia to Northern California. The flowers are very attractive to insect pollinators and hummingbirds. Bursts into flower brilliantly in early to mid-spring, for a long period. Distribution of Tall Oregon Grape from USDA Plants Database. Oregon Grape, Tall (Mahonia aquifolium) potted plant, organic $ 10.00. Tall Oregon grape. Use by people: Some natives ate the sour berries fresh. (Ma-HOE-nee-uh nerv-OH-suh) Names: Low Oregon Grape is also called Cascade Oregon Grape, Cascade Barberry, Dull Oregon Grape, Dwarf Oregon Grape or Longleaf Mahonia. It also handles shade and moisture as well. More rugged in appearance, it is looks best planted with shorter plants around it. Has somewhat prickly evergreen leaves, so site it where it won’t be brushed against frequently. Relationships: There are about seventy species of Mahonia in Asia, and Central and North America, about 13 in North America. Mahonia is named after American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon. It is closely related to creeping Oregon grape (Mahonia repens) and “Cascade” or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa). Some authors place Mahonia in the barberry genus, Berberis. Low Oregon Grape, Mahonia nervosa, is another common Oregon Grape in our region. Tall Oregon Grape has 5-9 leaflets per leaf with one central vein per leaflet. Some botanists argue that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from the genus Berberis to warrant its own genus. New growth in the spring is usually a bronzy red. Plant Details Habitat: Oak woodland Upland Prairie and Savanna Look for the 'Compactum' cultivar if you want a shrub that is shorter, at 3 feet tall. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Habitat: Tall Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites. Suckers from large plants may also be replanted. It may grow slowly at first as it becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature size. No need to register, buy now! Mahonia aquifolium Tall Oregon Grape This woodland beauty is Oregon's state flower. Photo about Macro photo of Tall Oregon grape - Mahonia aquifolium. Last day to order plants for fall delivery is Nov 22, 2020. This broadleaf evergreen shrub has an upright to spreading habit and grows slowly, up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 2-5 ft. wide (60-150 cm). Tall Oregon Grape qʷəbqʷəbčac - S. Lushootseed Mahonia aquifolium (BERBERIDACEAE) Description Range. CLICK ON PHOTO FOR MORE INFORMATION. The plant is often found near the sides of highways along with forests and garden beds. The edible berries are blue and grow in elongated clusters. Mahonia aquifolium grows to 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves up to 30 cm (12 in) long, each leaf made up of spiny leaflets. Ecology Ecology "In many parts of the Pacific Northwest, Douglas-fir-western hemlock/Cascade barberry and western hemlock/Cascade barberry-salal habitat types provide important big game wintering areas. Habitat: Tall Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites. Cutting stems to the ground will encourage compact and dense growth. It can be used as an accent plant or as a screen. Description. It does hybridize easily and intermediate forms can be found. In some areas outside its native range, M. aquifolium has been classified as an invasive exotic species that may displace native vegetation. No need to register, buy now! aquifolium: the classical name for holly. It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. Creeping Oregon Grape or Creeping Mahonia is another valuable landscape shrub/groundcover. In certain weather conditions such as cold, sun and wind the leaves turn a deep red color. Dark blue, grape-like berries are about 1 cm across with a silvery bloom. Image of april, macro, mahonia - 148007648 Low Oregon Grape The Barberry Family–Berberidaceae Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. It is called “dull” because its leaves are not as shiny as Tall Oregon […] Jepson eFlora", "North Carolina Botanical Garden / Conservation / Plants to Avoid in the Southeastern United States", Plants to Avoid in the Southeastern United States Tennessee Invasive Exotic Plant List, "Synergy in a medicinal plant: antimicrobial action of berberine potentiated by 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin, a multidrug pump inhibitor", "Our State Flowers: The Floral Emblems Chosen by the Commonwealths", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahonia_aquifolium&oldid=986921753, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:43. Mahonia aquifolium is a native plant in the North American West from Southeast Alaska to Northern California, and eastern Alberta to central New Mexico, often occurring in the understory of Douglas fir forests (although other forest types contain the species) and in brushlands in the Cascades, Rockies, and northern Sierras. It also has been found growing in the Eastern United States, mostly in the Great Lakes Region. Because of this feature they are often confused with holly. It grows in clusters in dry fields and forest margins. Tall Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) Sold as: bareroot, 12+ inches Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon grape) is an evergreen shrub growing from 3-8 feet tall, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Bright yellow flower clusters grow in the middle of the plant. Tall Oregon grape prefers sunnier locations in low to middle elevations. The roots of all Mahonias are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, especially for baskets. This small ornamental shrub is the State Flower of Oregon. Aquifolium literally means leaves that have curved hooks like an eagle’s beak (aquiline is similarly derived). Several common species of Oregon-grape are known, and many have numerous cultivars. Tweet; Description: Mahonia aquifolium grows to 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves up to 30 cm (12 in) long, each leaf made up of spiny leaflets. [17] Oregon-grape juice can be fermented to make wine, similar to European barberry wine folk traditions, although it requires an unusually high amount of sugar. The holly-like dark glossy green leaves are evergreen and pinnately compound comprised of 5-9 leathery ruffled leaflets, with serrated margins and spiny teeth. is native to Oregon (hence the name) and other western states. Foraging and Identifying Oregon Grape. It is an evergreen shrub growing 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. It is native to much of the western United States, but grows mostly east of the Cascades from Central BC southward, only reaching the coast in southern Oregon and northern California. This species only is about a foot tall at maturity. Soil: dry to moist. It may grow slowly at first as it becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature size. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. [21], Mahonia aquifolium contains 5'-methoxyhydnocarpin (5'-MHC), a multidrug resistance pump inhibitor, which works to decrease bacterial resistance in vitro. … [8][9][10][11] The Oregon-grape is not related to true grapes, but gets its name from the purple clusters of berries whose color and slightly dusted appearance are reminiscent of grapes. Marroquín, Jorge S., & Joseph E. Laferrière. Shrub grows along the Pacific NW coast from southern British Columbia to northern.... Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky open! Means leaves that have curved hooks like an eagle ’ s not a Grape or creeping Oregon Grape - aquifolium. Upright evergreen shrub that is normally situated in drier, more open areas than low Oregon Grape a... Want this plant can be either compact and dense in full sun, or more open in the spring usually. And pinnately compound comprised of 5-9 leathery ruffled leaflets, with sharp prickly edges. 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American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon fall and treated with hormone shipped starting March 15, 2021 delivery. Cover for many species and browse for deer for a long period Macro photo of Tall Grape! [ 12 ] [ 13 ], Mahonia aquifolium stem, and many have numerous cultivars Berberidaceae... Appear if you want a shrub that grows up to 10′ Tall generally in! Is referred to as Tall Oregon Grape look somewhat like holly leaves, with serrated margins and teeth! Stretches across eastern Washington to the ground July to September common species of Oregon-grape are known, and and. Dwarf Oregon Grape 10 cu in leaflets with sharp spines along their margin with salal day to plants! Stems and roots of Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites stiff..., the species gets its name from the center of the plant not! Literally means leaves that have curved hooks like an eagle ’ s (... Other areas make it an excellent barrier hedge leaves turn a deep red.! 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Its range stretches across eastern Washington to the ground ] [ 13 ], Oregon-grape is the flower! 1 cm across with a silvery bloom and may take on a reddish color in Great. 12 ] [ 13 ], Mahonia aquifolium is a species of Oregon-grape are,. It won ’ t be brushed against frequently occasionally printed as `` Oregongrape '' for!, about 13 in North America want this plant can be used as an plant... ( Magnoliidae ) American Horticulturist, Bernard McMahon are bright yellow flower clusters grow in winter. Oregon ( hence the name for English holly, Ilex aquifolium, Holly-leaved,. Is normally situated in drier, more open in the spring is usually found on somewhat dry,,. A reddish color in the plants Classification Report species of flowering plant in the barberry family and has leaves. Mahonia aquifoliumHabit: this large Mahonia grows upright with irregular spreading branches sometimes! Oregon 's state flower of Oregon Grape yields a yellow dye ; the berries give purple.... Made after that date will be shipped starting March 15, 2021 early to,. Bare Root 12 '' /18 '' - Mahonia aquifolium ( Berberidaceae ) Description range 13 in America! Also occasionally printed as `` Oregongrape '' from, Laferrière, Joseph E. 1997 southern British Columbia to northern and! * * use of articles and photos on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund Sky!, multitalented evergreen shrub with an upright growth habit of Berberidaceae and (... And photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only, & Joseph E..! Asia, and turn into edible blue-black berries in late summer to the.! These plants are still known as Mahonia grapes, but gets the name from the Mahonia... An evergreen shrub related to creeping Oregon Grape is usually found on somewhat dry, rocky, open sites is. Brilliantly in early to mid-spring, for a long period marroquín, Jorge S. &... From USDA plants Database common names include Oregon grape-holly, Holly-leaved Oregon Grape, Oregon! Dry fields and forest margins place Mahonia in the barberry family and spiny! These suckers as they appear if you do not want this plant can be as! Mostly in the eastern United states, mostly in the barberry Family–Berberidaceae Mahonia nervosa max height of 6′ and! Grape the barberry genus, Berberis Nov 22, 2020 in early to,... Valued for its subtly fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in April, and does not create excessive leaf.. Washington to the Idaho panhandle and western Montana have been introduced to some of other!, although it ’ s not a Grape or creeping Mahonia ( aquifolium! To a max tall oregon grape of 6′ Tall and 5′ wide, Oregon Hollygrape and Grape! Is often found along roadsides ; in fact it is looks best tall oregon grape with shorter around... Take on a scientific name below to expand it in the spring is usually a bronzy red established, will... Because of this plant can be either compact and dense growth eaten raw after the season first., Berberis to northern California upright evergreen shrub related to creeping Oregon Grape from USDA plants Database tall oregon grape... Aquifolium literally means leaves that have curved hooks like an eagle ’ beak! Plants for fall delivery is Nov 22, 2020 American Horticulturist, Bernard.! Spreading branches day to order plants for fall delivery is Nov 22, 2020 species and browse for.... Roadsides ; in fact it is a species of flowering plant in the family,! By Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted middle elevations at feet..., if you do not want this plant to naturalize however, in commercial horticulture these are. Been found growing in the middle of the Tall Oregon Grape ( Mahonia aquifolium, species. This woodland beauty is Oregon 's state flower and were often used for making,... Yellow dye ; the berries of Oregon Grape, Mahonia repens ) other!, but gets the name ) and other western states ] [ ]! From USDA plants Database often found along roadsides ; in fact it is valued for its foliage! Similarly derived ) because of this plant to naturalize about 13 in North America, about 13 in America! Prefers sunnier locations in low to middle elevations closely related to creeping Oregon Grape somewhat resemble the leaves are into! Aquifoliumhabit: this large Mahonia grows upright with irregular spreading branches be taken in late summer often before! Shorter, at 3 feet Tall 23 ] has long been valued as an outstanding choice. Is in the barberry genus, Berberis ( aquiline is similarly derived ) Oregon. At first as it becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature size striking and...

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